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Glossary

Acupuncture
Acupuncture is the insertion of hair-like needles into specific acupoints on the body. There are over 365 of these points. On average, only 10-15 needles are used per treatment. Acupuncture therapy triggers chemical reactions in the body whereby pain-relieving hormones, such as endorphins, are increased. Benefits inluce impoved sleep, energy, and reduction in muscle spasm.

Botulinum Toxin A
Botulinum Toxin A (botox) is injected into muscles, which results in selective muscle paralysis. The paralysis of the selected muscles is responsible for improving these conditions for up to months at a time. It is used in MS to treat spasticity.

Cannabis
Also known as marijuana, marihuana, pot, grass, bhang, ganja, and hashish. Cannabis is the dried flowering tops of the Cannabis sativa plant which contains isomeric tetrahydrocannabinols (THC), cannabinol, and cannabidiol. People generally smoke or ingest the cannabis to induce euphoria, drowsiness, increase appetite, decrease pain, and other mental changes. Cannabis was formerly used as a sedative and analgesic. It is now available for restricted use for certain medical conditions like Multiple Sclerosis and cancer.

Clonus
A lengthy state of alternating involuntary contraction and relaxation of a muscle.

CNS (Central Nervous System)
The brain and spinal cord.

Hypertonicity
Extreme tension of the muscles.

MRI
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is a technique that provides a detailed picture of the soft tissues of the body including the brain and spinal cord. It is used in MS to show lesions and to track the progression of the disease.

Qi
Also known as chi or ji. The Chinese word for energy. It is considered to be the life force that flows through the body.

Spasticity
An increase in muscle tone often caused by damage to central motor pathways that control voluntary movements.

Trigeminal Neuraligia
Also known as epileptiform neuralgia, facial neuralgia, Fothergill's neuralgia, prosopalgia, prosoponeuralgia, tic douloureux, trifacial neuralgia, and trismus dolorificus. It is characterized by severe bursts of pain in one or more branches of the trigeminal nerve. It can often be induced by touching trigger points in or about the mouth.

Vertigo
A condition where you feel you or your surroundings are whirling. It is often associated with a feeling of unsteadiness. Incoordination of arms, legs, walking, and speech can occur (even without dizziness). It may be accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

Yin and Yang
Taken from Chinese philosophy, yin and yang represents the balance of the continual change and interaction between the two energies found in the body.