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Lower Respiratory Tract

Specimen Type Test Requisition Container             Notes                                                                                               
Bronchial brushings Culture and sensitivity (C&S) MS 349

Bijou bottle with 1 mL Ringer's lactate

Specimen Holding Temperature: 4°C

Area: Bacteriology
Refer Out: N/A
Expected Time for Results: Prelim: 24 hours;  Final: 48 hours
Notes: N/A

 Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) Chlamydia and Mycoplasma pneumonia  MS 331

Sterile container, 1 mL

Specimen Holding Temperature: 4°C

 Area: Bacteriology
Refer Out: Provincial Health Lab
Expected Time for Results: 4 weeks
Notes: N/A
Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) Culture and sensitivity (C&S) MS 349

Sterile container, 15 mL

Specimen Holding Temperature: 4°C

Area: Bacteriology
Refer Out: N/A
Expected Time for Results: Gram stain: same day;  Prelim: 24 hours;  Final: 48 - 72 hours
Notes: N/A

Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) Fungus culture MS 331

Sterile container, 1 mL

Specimen Holding Temperature: 4°C

Area: Bacteriology
Refer Out: N/A
Expected Time for Results: Fungal stain: 24 hours, Final: 4 weeks
Notes: N/A
Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) Legionella culture MS 331

 Sterile container, 1 mL

Specimen Holding Temperature: 4°C

Area: Bacteriology
Refer Out: Provincial Health Lab
Expected Time for Results: 2 - 3 weeks
Notes: N/A
Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) Mycobacteria (AFB) MS 331

 Sterile container, 5 mL

Specimen Holding Temperature: 4°C

Area: Bacteriology
Refer Out: Provincial Health Lab
Expected Time for Results: Prelim: 1 week;  Final: 4 - 8 weeks
Notes: N/A
Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) SARS Coronavirus RT-PCR MS 331

 Sterile container, 1mL

Specimen Holding Temperature: 4°C

Area: Virology
Refer Out: Provincial Health Lab
Expected Time for Results: 2 weeks
Notes: Performed by Provincial Health Lab upon approval. The patient must fulfill the clinical case definition as specified by Health Canada
Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) Viral detection, Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) MS 331

Sterile container, 1mL

Specimen Holding Temperature: 4°C

Area: Virology
Refer Out: N/A
Expected Time for Results: 24 hours - 1 weeks,  PCP: 24 hours
Notes: N/A
Bronchoscopy aspirates, washings or lung needle aspirates Chlamydia and Mycoplasma pneumonia MS 331

Sterile container, 1mL

Specimen Holding Temperature: 4°C

Area: Bacteriology
Refer Out: Provincial Health Lab
Expected Time for Results: 4 weeks
Notes: N/A
Bronchoscopy aspirates, washings or lung needle aspirates Culture and sensitivity (C&S) MS 349

Sterile container, 15 mL

Specimen Holding Temperature: 4°C

Area: Bacteriology
Refer Out: N/A
Expected Time for Results: Gram stain: same day;  Prelim: 24 hours;  Final: 48 - 72 hours
Notes: N/A
Bronchoscopy aspirates, washings or lung needle aspirates Fungus culture MS 331

Sterile container, 1mL

Specimen Holding Temperature: 4°C

Area: Bacteriology
Refer Out: N/A
Expected Time for Results: Fungal stain: 24 hours, Final: 4 weeks
Notes: N/A
Bronchoscopy aspirates, washings or lung needle aspirates Legionella culture MS 331

Sterile container, 1mL

Specimen Holding Temperature: 4°C

Area: Bacteriology
Refer Out: Provincial Health Lab
Expected Time for Results: 2 - 3 weeks
Notes: N/A
Bronchoscopy aspirates, washings or lung needle aspirates Mycobacteria (AFB) MS 331

Sterile container, 5mL

Specimen Holding Temperature: 4°C

Area: Bacteriology
Refer Out: Provincial Health Lab
Expected Time for Results: Prelim: 1 week;  Final: 4 - 8 weeks
Notes: N/A
 Bronchoscopy aspirates, washings or lung needle aspirates  Virus detection, Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP)  MS 331

Sterile container, 2mL

Specimen Holding Temperature: 4°C

 Area: Virology
Refer Out: N/A
Expected Time for Results: Culture: 2 weeks; Detection: 18 - 24 hours; PCP: 18 - 24 hours
Notes: N/A
 Lung biopsy (transbronchial or open lung)  Chlamydia and Mycoplasma pneumonia  MS 331

Sterile container with sterile saline

Specimen Holding Temperature: 4°C

 Area: Bacteriology
Refer Out: Provincial Health Lab
Expected Time for Results: 4 weeks
Notes: N/A
 Lung biopsy (transbronchial or open lung)  Culture and sensitivity (C&S)  MS 349

Sterile container with sterile saline

Specimen Holding Temperature: 4°C

 Area: Bacteriology
Refer Out: N/A
Expected Time for Results: Gram stain: same day;  Prelim: 24 hours;  Final: 48 - 72 hours
Notes: N/A
 Lung biopsy (transbronchial or open lung)  Fungus culture  MS 331

Sterile container with sterile saline

Specimen Holding Temperature: 4°C

 Area: Bacteriology
Refer Out: N/A
Expected Time for Results: Fungal stain: 24 hours, Final: 4 weeks
Notes: N/A
 Lung biopsy (transbronchial or open lung)  Legionella culture  MS 331

Sterile container with sterile saline

Specimen Holding Temperature: 4°C

 Area: Bacteriology
Refer Out: Provincial Health Lab
Expected Time for Results: 2 - 3 weeks
Notes: N/A
 Lung biopsy (transbronchial or open lung)  Mycobacteria (AFB)  MS 331

 Sterile container with sterile saline

Specimen Holding Temperature: 4°C

 Area: Bacteriology
Refer Out: Provincial Health Lab
Expected Time for Results: Prelim: 1 week;  Final: 4 - 8 weeks
Notes: N/A
 Lung biopsy (transbronchial or open lung)  SARS Coronavirus RT-PCR  MS 331

 Sterile container with sterile saline

Specimen Holding Temperature: 4°C

 Area: Virology
Refer Out: Provincial Health Lab
Expected Time for Results: 2 weeks
Notes: Performed by Provincial Health Lab upon approval. The patient must fulfill the clinical case definition as specified by Health Canada
 Lung biopsy (transbronchial or open lung)  Viral detection  MS 331

Sterile container with sterile saline

Specimen Holding Temperature: 4°C

 Area: Virology
Refer Out: N/A
Expected Time for Results: 24 hours - 1 week
Notes: N/A
 Sputum (including endotracheal tube)  Culture and sensitivity (C&S)  MS 349

Sterile container or endotracheal tube

Specimen Holding Temperature: 4°C

 Area: Bacteriology
Refer Out: N/A
Expected Time for Results: Gram stain: same day;  Prelim: 24 hours;  Final: 48 - 72 hours
Notes: N/A
 Sputum (including endotracheal tube)  Fungus culture  MS 331

Sterile container or endotracheal tube

Specimen Holding Temperature: 4°C

 Area: Bacteriology
Refer Out: N/A
Expected Time for Results: Fungal stain: 24 hours, Final: 4 weeks
Notes: N/A
 Sputum (including endotracheal tube)  Legionella culture   MS 331

Sterile container or endotracheal tube

Specimen Holding Temperature: 4°C

 Area: Bacteriology
Refer Out: Provincial Health Lab
Expected Time for Results: Prelim: 1 week;  Final: 2 - 3 weeks
Notes: N/A
 Sputum (including endotracheal tube)  Mycobacteria (AFB)  MS 331

Sterile container or endotracheal tube

Specimen Holding Temperature: 4°C

Area: Bacteriology
Refer Out: Provincial Health Lab
Expected Time for Results: Prelim: 1 week;  Final: 4 - 8 weeks
Notes: N/A
 Sputum (including endotracheal tube)  SARS Coronavirus RT-PCR  MS 331

Sterile container or endotracheal tube

Specimen Holding Temperature: 4°C

 Area: Virology
Refer Out: Provincial Health Lab
Expected Time for Results: 2 weeks
Notes: Performed by Provincial Health Lab upon approval. The patient must fulfill the clinical case definition as specified by Health Canada
 Sputum (including endotracheal tube)  Viral detection  MS 331

Sterile container

Specimen Holding Temperature: 4°C

 Area: Virology
Refer Out: N/A
Expected Time for Results: 24 hours - 1 week
Notes: N/A